**1. The type of grading that asserts fixed proportion of learners at different grade points is known as**

(A) Direct grading

(B) Indirect grading

(C) Relative grading

(D) Absolute grading

**2._______ refers to inferring about the whole population based on the observations made on a small part.**

(A) Deductive inference

(B) Inductive inference

(C) Pseudo-inference

(D) Objective inference

**3. Sampling is advantageous as it**

(A) Helps in capital-saving

(B) Saves time

(C) Increases accuracy

(D) Both (a) and (b)

(A) An economical method of data collection

(B) Free from personal biases

(C) Reasonably accurate

(D) All the above

(A) Table of random digits

(B) Table used in sampling methods

(C) Table used in statistical investigations

(D) All the above

(A) the null hypothesis is rejected even though it is true

(B) the null hypothesis is accepted even though it is false

(C) both the null hypothesis as well as alternative hypothesis are rejected

(D) None of the above

(B) Saves time

(C) Increases accuracy

(D) Both (a) and (b)

**4. Random sampling is helpful as it is**(A) An economical method of data collection

(B) Free from personal biases

(C) Reasonably accurate

(D) All the above

**5. Tippit table refers to**(A) Table of random digits

(B) Table used in sampling methods

(C) Table used in statistical investigations

(D) All the above

**6.Type-I Error occurs if**(A) the null hypothesis is rejected even though it is true

(B) the null hypothesis is accepted even though it is false

(C) both the null hypothesis as well as alternative hypothesis are rejected

(D) None of the above

**7._________ is a preferred sampling method for the population with finite size.**

(A) Area sampling

(B) Cluster sampling

(C) Purposive sampling

(D) Systematic sampling

**8.Research and Development become the index of development of country. Which of the following reasons are true with regards to this statement?**

(A) Because R&D reflect the true economic and social conditions prevailing in a country

(B) Because R&D targets the human development

(C) Because R&D can improve the standard of living of the people in a country

(D) All the above

**9. The data of research is**

(A) Qualitative only

(B) Quantitative only

(C) Both (a) and (b)

(D) Neither (a) nor (b)

(A) Horizontal researches

(B) Long-term researches

(C) Short-term researches

(D) None of the above

(B) Quantitative only

(C) Both (a) and (b)

(D) Neither (a) nor (b)

10.The longitudinal approach of research deals with _________.10.The longitudinal approach of research deals with _________.

(A) Horizontal researches

(B) Long-term researches

(C) Short-term researches

(D) None of the above